Cats and Feline Diabetes

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One of the most popular pets in many countries these days is the cat. Many households keep these lovable animals for the sake of companionship and fun. However, like all other animals, cats can fall sick and it is your duty as a responsible pet owner to know how to handle such situations. Cats might get hit by many different types of illnesses but feline diabetes is one which we should watch out for. Although it can be treated by a vet, make it a point not to take this serious disease too lightly.

Diabetes is a very common disease among human beings and the cause of feline diabetes is not so different from the human one. Sugar, or glucose, is found in the blood of humans and cats alike. Under normal circumstances, the level of sugar in our blood is kept in check by insulin, which the pancreas produces. Diabetes occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or produces too much.

Symptoms of feline diabetes vary from cat to cat but do try to take note of the more common ones. Cats with diabetes usually have an increase in urination rates and get thirsty far more easily. It should be easy to notice your cat getting thirsty more often as you will notice the water dish becoming empty far quicker throughout the day. Other common symptoms to watch out for include a loss of appetite, weight loss, breathing difficulty and a poor coat.

The consequences of diabetes can be quite severe if not treated promptly enough. Apart from becoming inactive or vomiting on a regular basis, cats can also fall into comas. As such, get your cat checked by a vet as soon as you notice any of the signs or symptoms mentioned above. Do bear in mind though that treatment is not instantaneous and occurs slowly over a period of time. Similar to caring for a diabetic patient, the owner needs to put in extra care and concern during this period to ensure the cat is nursed back to full health.

Cats that have feline diabetes will need to be given food and water on a regular basis every day. The quantity and type of food given to your cat are very important and you must discuss it with your vet. Diabetic cats should be on a special diet and never be overfed. Owners should also prevent diabetic cats from going outside too often. Up to 2 insulin shots might have to be given to the cat daily as well. Upon checking your cat, your vet will usually advise you on how many insulin shots you need to give your cat every day. Your vet may also prescribe other oral medications to complement the injections.

Always make certain that your cat has had its meal before delivering the insulin shot. A hypoglycemic shock can result if your cat is given insulin shots on an empty stomach. Overdose of insulin can cause the same outcome as well so constantly heed your vet’s advice and follow it as closely as possible. A hypoglycemic shock is a serious condition that can result in death if not treated immediately.

A diabetic cat might have to stay on insulin shots for the rest of its life but given constant care and attention, will be able to lead a healthy and happy life unlike that of any other cat.

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